Demographics of Kenya


The demographics of Kenya show that the country has one of the highest population growth rates in the world. The total population is estimated at 48,245,079 inhabitants as of January 2017, compared to only 6,077,000 in 1950.

The demographics of Kenya show that the country’s population growth rate stands at 2.46%. During 2016 Kenya population is estimated to be increased by 1,171,143 inhabitants and reach 48,759,235 in January 2017.

Demographics of Kenya

Demographics of Kenya – Population growth rate from 1961 to 2015

The proportion of children below the age of 15 is 42.4%, 18.8% is between 15 and 24 years of age, 32.4% is between 25 and 54 years of age, 3.6% is between 55 and 64 years of age, while 2.7% is 65 years or older.

Kenya has a diverse population, 99% of the population comprises of African groups, the Bantu, Nilotic and Cushitic people and the remaining 1% consists of non-African groups, Arab, Asian and European. See Kenya people for more on the country’s ethnic groups.

Demographics of Kenya Facts and Figures

Population 44,037,656 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
note:
estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality
due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant
mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and
changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would
otherwise be expected
Age structure 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 9,357,084/female 9,299,586)
15-24 years: 18.8% (male 4,148,153/female 4,147,896)
25-54 years: 32.4% (male 7,210,891/female 7,070,217)
55-64 years: 3.6% (male 719,374/female 876,458)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 529,873/female 678,124) (2013 est.)
Median age total: 18.9 years
male: 18.8 years
female: 19 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate 2.27% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
Ethnic groups Kikuyu
22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%,
other African 15%, non-African (Arab, Asian and European) 1%
Languages English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Religions Christian
82.5% (Protestant 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, other 11.8%), Muslim 11.1%,
Traditionalists 1.6%, other 1.7%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2009
census)
Birth rate 30.08 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
Death rate 7.12 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
Net migration rate -0.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
Urbanization urban population: 22% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate 360 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 29
Infant mortality rate total: 42.18 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 51
male: 46.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 63.29 years
country comparison to the world: 180
male: 61.84 years
female: 64.77 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate 3.76 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
Health expenditures 4.8% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 149
Physicians density 0.14 physicians/1,000 population (2002)
Hospital bed density 1.4 beds/1,000 population
Drinking water source improved:
urban: 82% of population
rural: 52% of population
total: 59% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18% of population
rural: 48% of population
total: 41% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility access improved:urban: 32% of populationrural: 32% of populationtotal: 32% of populationunimproved:
urban: 68% of populationrural: 68% of populationtotal: 68% of population (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate 6.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS 1.5 million (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths 80,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
Major infectious diseases degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
Obesity – adult prevalence rate 4.2% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 171
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 16.4% (2009)
country comparison to the world: 47
Education expenditures 6.7% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 25
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.4%
male: 90.6%
female: 84.2% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2009)

Source: CIA World Factbook.

Kenyan Population Statistics by Year

The demographics of Kenya data below shows the country’s population by year

Year Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 6 077 39.8 56.3 3.9
1955 6 980 42.8 53.4 3.8
1960 8 105 46.4 49.9 3.7
1965 9 505 48.4 48.0 3.6
1970 11 252 49.1 47.5 3.4
1975 13 486 49.6 47.1 3.3
1980 16 268 50.0 47.1 3.0
1985 19 655 50.0 47.2 2.8
1990 23 447 49.0 48.3 2.7
1995 27 426 46.5 50.8 2.7
2000 31 254 44.3 52.9 2.8
2005 35 615 42.7 54.5 2.8
2010 40 513 42.5 54.9 2.7

Source: World Population Prospects.

Population by province
According to the 2009 census, the country’s population by province was as follows: Nairobi (the capital of Kenya) 3,138,369, Central 4,383,743, Coast 3,325,307, Eastern 5,668,123, North Eastern 2,310,757, Nyanza 5,442,711, Rift Valley 10,006,805, Western 4,334,282

Population by censu

Year Population
1962 8,636,300
1969 10,942,705
1979 15,327,061
1989 21,448,774
1999 28,686,607
2009 38,610,097

Source: 2009 census. http://www.knbs.or.ke/Census%20Results/KNBS%20Brochure.pdf

UN population projections

Year Medium variant projections (x 1000)
2015 46,332
2020 52,563
2025 59,054
2030 65,928
2035 73,257
2040 80,975
2045 88,907
2050 96,887

Source: World Population Prospects.

Other Pages That May Interest You

Kenya People
Culture of Kenya
Music of Kenya
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